Eunice Kennedy Shriver

The Special Olympics and Eunice Kennedy Shriver’s Legacy

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver is a name many associate with the late John F. Kennedy. However, alongside her role as the 35th President’s sister, she was also an admired activist for the special needs community. In 1962, Shriver founded Camp Shriver, a Summer camp she started from her own backyard in Rockville, MD for individuals medically diagnosed with a disability. With time, this camp eventually evolved into what we call now, The Special Olympics.

A Brief History of the Games

Part of Shriver’s motivation to make a difference for this cause came from her sister, Rosemary. Rosemary had an intellectual disability. She noticed that individuals with special needs were often excluded and not recognized for the talents and gifts that they had to offer to the world. Shriver believed sports were an essential tool in uniting all kinds of people – disability or no disability. With that in mind, she started Camp Shriver. Throughout its four-summer run, the camp influenced universities to conduct programs for children with intellectual disabilities and brought about the first piece of legislation to address intellectual disabilities and mental illness. (Source).

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

The Kennedy family at their home in Hyannis Port, MA, 1931.

Eventually, in July of 1968 this small day camp evolved into the Special Olympics and the first inaugural games were held in the city of Chicago. During the opening ceremony, she was quoted saying, “Through sports [those with a disability] can realize their potential for growth” [Source]. The Special Olympics is now an international movement with more than 170 countries actively participating.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

A Special Olympian and Eunice Kennedy Shriver

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

Eunice Kennedy Shriver and Madison Prince, son of MHAF Cofounders Dr. Gregory and JaLynn Prince

“The Rundown” and Events

The Special Olympics consists of local, national, and regional competitions that are held every day throughout the world. The Special Olympics World Games is the equivalent of the standard Olympics. These games are held every two years, alternating between summer and winter. 

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

Mayumi Kudaka runs in the 30-meter dash in the Special Olympics at Kadena Air Base, Japan

Participants are offered training year-round and programs are available for free. In order to participate, individuals need to be at least 8 years old. A unique feature of this program is its inclusiveness; all experience levels are welcome to join. Involvement in these games is a great way to improve physical health and well being. According to a study that sampled a group of Special Olympians involved in a swim training program, participation drew a significant increase in self-concept and cardiovascular endurance. Self-concept in this case involves a person’s perceived physical competence, social acceptance, and self worth.

Olympic events are either individual or team oriented. New sports and events are introduced all the time but as of now, there are officially 31 varying from season to season. Some of the events include track and field, basketball, bocce, judo, and table tennis.  

Eunice Kennedy Shriver

A swimmer at the Belgium, Antwerpen Special Olympics in 2014

Special Olympic Champion: Jason Halkias

We had the opportunity to interview Special Olympian Jason Halkias who has high functioning Asperger’s syndrome. Jason has been competing since the age of 8 and has competed in several events including tennis,  power lifting, and figure skating. Watch the video below to learn more about this reigning champion, and be sure to follow Jason on Facebook:

 

Graz and Schladming, Austria is set to host the next Special Olympics World Winter games on March 14th, 2017. Visit the Special Olympics website (here) to learn more and get involved!


iness

AUTHOR
INESS SMADHI
RESEARCH INTERN
MADISON HOUSE AUTISM FOUNDATION

 

 


Featured photo (top) by: Mark Skrobola (Source)

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